How to Take Notes from a Textbook the Right Way

How to Take Notes from a Textbook the Right Way

“Ms. P, I didn’t do well on the quiz. I read the book, but didn’t remember stuff from the reading.”

“Did you take notes on the reading?”

“Nope.”

“How come?”

“Um, well, I not really sure how to take notes from the textbook. When I try, I just end up writing everything down and it takes forever.”

Note-taking | Take notes from textbook | Textbook Reading | #notetaking

Note-taking | Take notes from textbook | Textbook Reading | #notetaking

I always recommend that my students take notes from the textbook, especially in AP and IB courses. The tests cover more content than the teacher can talk about in class. Students have to learn some of the facts on their own. In my teaching experience, students who took notes on the assigned reading almost always did better on quizzes and tests.

However, many students struggle taking notes from the book. Textbooks can be intimidating. They tend to be huge, written in a small font, never have enough pictures, and are (admittedly) BO-RING! Most AP and IB texts are college-level textbooks. The language can be difficult for many students. Yet, textbooks are an invaluable resource and teens need to learn how to use the textbook to their advantage.

Just a note! This post is part of a series on note-taking. Check out the other posts below:

Before we dive into mistakes and best practices, grab my free checklist. Print it out and keep it in your notebook to reference when you’re ready to take notes from the textbook!

FREE Checklist – Taking Notes from a Textbook

 Make sure your notes are prepped and ready for review!  

    We won’t send you spam. Unsubscribe at any time.

    Powered By ConvertKit

    How to Take Notes from a Textbook

    notes textbook

    Mistakes when taking notes

    Over the years, I noticed students making the same mistakes over and over again when taking notes from the textbook.

    Writing everything down

    An important part of note taking is narrowing down the information. Think of the textbook as a fire hose – if you try to drink from it, it will push you down to the ground.

    Think of the textbook as a fire hose - if you try to drink from it, it will push you down to the ground.Click To Tweet

    Your notes need to be more like a water fountain. Get rid of the excess detail and take notes on the core information. That is easier said than done, though. I’ll walk you through the process further down.

    Copying directly from the book

    I see this all the time and it drives me nuts! Teens often just copy a sentence from the text, not really understanding what it means. It would be like writing a sentence from a French textbook (even though you don’t speak the language) and then trying to use that sentence to study from. It doesn’t help you learn the information at all!

    Copying the language also skips the most important step in note-taking, which is paraphrasing. Research shows that paraphrasing information helps you to learn and understand it better. 

    Ignoring the book’s cues

    Most students tell me that they can’t figure out what to write down, thus they write down everything. When taking notes in class, teachers often give obvious verbal or physical cues that students should write down a piece of information (“So, the causes of the war were . . .”).  Your textbook isn’t speaking to you, but it has its own cues that it gives. You just have to understand those cues.

    Textbooks are organized with a series of headings and subheadings that make note taking straight-forward. The size and color of those headings are cues to the reader that a topic is more or less important. The bigger the heading, the more important the topic. The text will also put words in bold or italics – those are often vocabulary terms.

    Before we get started on the good stuff, grab my checklist below. Print it out and keep it next to you while taking notes. Keep yourself on track while you make new note-taking habits!

    How to Take Notes from a Textbook the Right Way

    Now that you’ve seen the major mistakes most teens make, let’s dive into how to take notes from the textbook the right way.

    • Skim the chapter for heading, subheadings, and terms in bold. Read the introduction and conclusion – they can help you figure out which topics are the most important and how the information fits together. 
    take notes textbook
    Beck, Roger B. World History: Patterns of Interaction. Orlando, FL: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Pub., 2012. Print.

    In the example above, notice the main headings circled in blue and the sub-headings in purple. This textbook has the vocabulary terms in blue.

    take notes textbook

    In the two examples above, notice that the headings from the book were used as headings for the notes. There is also plenty of space left to take notes in.

    • Start reading from the beginning. Read each section and fill in your outline when you finish that section. In other words, don’t read the entire chapter and then go back to take notes. Flipping back and forth among the pages wastes time.
    • After reading the section, close the book and write down notes from memory! Stretching your brain like this means you are more likely remember the information on the test. 
    • Then open the book back up and check your notes. Fix any mistakes and add missing information. (Psst- this is a learning strategy called retrieval practice.)
    • Be sure to add people, places, or terms that are in bold or italics– the text’s authors are telling you this is important information.
    • Don’t copy from the book; paraphrase into your own words. This is the hardest part and will take a while in the beginning. But believe me, it’s worth the time investment! 
    Pro tip - If you don’t understand a sentence, read it out loud a few times.Click To Tweet

    Great – you’ve read the entire chapter and taken notes. However, you’re not done! These notes, like class notes, will become powerful study tools with just a few tweaks.

    • Annotate your notes (write in the margins) with review questions, connections to other classes, or questions you have for the teacher.
    • Add small drawings or doodles to your notes that help explain the information.
    • Write a short summary at the end. Write 2-4 sentences that discuss the “big idea” you can take away from these notes.

    If you didn’t grab the checklist already, sign up for it now! 

    FREE Checklist – Taking Notes from a Textbook

     Make sure your notes are prepped and ready for review!  

      We won’t send you spam. Unsubscribe at any time.

      Powered By ConvertKit

      Try these techniques for your next reading assignments and let me know how it goes in the comments below!


      Related Posts: Learn How to Improve Your Study SkillsHow to Take Notes Like a Pro3 Note Taking Styles for Students, How to Take Notes Faster

      Find out how to take killer notes from any textbook! Click through to try out these tips for yourself! | #takingnotes #studyskills


      2 thoughts on “How to Take Notes from a Textbook the Right Way”

      • Hello Louisa
        I really loved what you’ve said and it’s 100% true for me, I have the same problem of copying directly from the book and I am really stressed because I don’t know how to solve it plus I end up forgetting everything and when it comes to exams I fail… So can you please give me more information on how to get the main points and stuff like that?

        Thanks

      • Hi,
        This article was super helpful especially when it comes to prepping for tough exams. One method I’ve recently tried is making web maps and charts, just to visually organize the information. Also, highlighting by color, with pink for places, blue for people, and so on. Bullet points have been a huge help too.
        Thanks so much,
        Orli

      Leave a Reply

      Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *